A Socio-Historic Study of The Holocaust of Partition in Khushwant Singh’s Train To Pakistan
The Partition of the Indian subcontinent into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan in the year 1947 was a historical tragedy of unprecedented proportions which bore an indelible and irrepressible impact on Indian English writers, especially the novelists who produced a substantial body of partition-fiction (also widely referred to as ‘Partition Literature’) which deals with an array of themes and issues related to the mayhem of partition and its aftermath in contemporary India. The holocaust of partition in India was so traumatic and poignant that Jawaharlal Nehru termed it a ‘man-made Greek tragedy’. The most devastating and excruciating upshot of Indian Independence destroyed the secular fabric of India, and more markedly, the visceral communal hatred and brutal violence it engendered cost the lives of millions of people. This paper examines the themes of Partition in India in the writings of Khushwant Singh’s Train to Pakistan (1956). This paper attempts to critically analyze the phenomenon of partition not as a mere representation or recordation of a cataclysmic historical event but as a social, political and religious discourse which has irrevocably altered the destiny of a nation.