https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/issue/feed International Journal of Research 2023-02-06T02:36:20+00:00 D Bong ijr@ijrjournal.com Open Journal Systems <div>International Journal of Research (IJR) with ISSN 2348-6848 (Online) and 2348-795X (Print) is an international peer reviewed, internationally refereed, online, open-access journal published monthly. International Journal of Research (IJR) represents a revolution in scholarly journal publishing platform. A pioneering effort in liberal, open access publishing with fast and high quality peer review that brings journal publishing to the doorstep of every researcher and student. We believe that quality information should be free and accessible universally in this day and age. The ideology of an open-access journal is in being free for all and IJR will be free for all to read and share.</div> <div>Send papers to <strong>ijr@ijrjournal.com</strong></div> <div><strong><strong><br /></strong></strong> <div id="homepageImage"><img src="https://journals.pen2print.org/public/journals/1/homepageImage_en_US.png" alt="Journal Homepage Image" width="158" height="106" /></div> <strong><strong><br /></strong></strong> <div id="additionalHomeContent"> <p>IJR takes special care to publish your research paper/article without any delay. Our journal aims to bring out the latent research talent and the professional work done by Scientists, Engineers, Architects, Planners, Practitioners, Administrators, Scholars, Graduate and Post Graduate students across all fields. This journal welcomes the submission of your research papers that meet our submission guidelines and the general criteria of significance and excellence in the field of Engineering, Science and Humanities. Submitted articles are peer reviewed by our panel of experts from various fields. All submitted papers are double-checked for plagiarized content. Please note that all submissions need to be previously unpublished.</p> </div> </div> https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/773 Regression Analysis of Sonographic Prediction of Cerebrovascular Accident in Nigeria 2023-01-07T00:29:23+00:00 A. C. Okwor ijr@ijrjournal.com C. I. Agu ijr@ijrjournal.com A. G. Akpan ijr@ijrjournal.com <p>The high mortality rate of cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) in Nigeria is due to its sudden onset and absence of prior awareness of risk factors. There is therefore the need to develop a predictive equation for the occurrence of stroke among subject. This study made up of 420 subjects, comprising 107 apparently healthy subjects and 313 patients with cardiovascular diseases. A cross section of 420 adults between ages 18years to 60years randomly selected under these categories was investigated. Anthropometric data, carotid artery dimensions and Doppler parameters were obtained on all the subjects. Data were analyzed using statistical tools, Pearson correlation analysis used to evaluate relationships. Regression analysis was used to generate a predictive model for estimation of CVA risk. The result show that apparently healthy subjects had the highest mean of the common carotid artery intima media thickness (CCA IMT) of 0.64mm 0.06mm while subjects at risk of cerebrovascular had 0.62m&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;0.07mm as the mean CCA IMT. The mean end diastolic velocity (EDV) of the apparently healthy subject was 13.96 ± 2.3 while the subjects at risk had 13.7 ± 25 as their mean EDV. The mean peak systolic velocity (PSV) of the apparently healthy subjects was -4.10 while the subjects at risk of cerebrovascular accident had – 1.73 as the mean PSV. Base on the findings there was a significant relationship among the obese, hypertensive, diabetic and apparently healthy subjects.</p> 2023-01-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/774 Impact of Emotional Advertising on Consumer Buying Behavior in Ampara District 2023-01-07T15:11:28+00:00 Nilukshika Pathirana ijr@ijrjournal.com Anthony Andrew ijr@ijrjournal.com Treshalin Sellar ijr@ijrjournal.com <p>Marketers use emotions as their main weapon and they pay more attention to advertisements in their promotional activities to promote the sales of their products.&nbsp;The current study was conducted to identify the impact of emotional advertising; especially the appeals like love, humor, happiness, and excitement on consumer buying behavior. The research is limited to high involvement products, specifically soft drink products. It also aims to assess the most influential advertising appeal that impacts the buying decision of the consumers. A quantitative approach was used, and the questionnaire-based survey was conducted using a sample size of&nbsp;250&nbsp;respondents. The hypothesized model has been tested using correlation and regression analysis. The paper confirms the positive relationship between the emotional advertising and consumer buying behavior. The results also show a positive impact of emotions like love, humor, and happiness in influencing the purchase intention of the consumers.</p> 2023-01-06T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/777 A Review: Understanding the Entrepreneurial Behaviour of Farmers 2023-01-14T00:12:40+00:00 Baby Iffat ijr@ijrjournal.com Shamaela Tabassum ijr@ijrjournal.com Farah Naaz ijr@ijrjournal.com Baby Neehat ijr@ijrjournal.com <p><em>This study is a literature review on agricultural entrepreneurship, often known as Agripreneurship. Agripreneurship is an opportunity and a necessity for improving the production and profitability in agriculture and the allied sector. Agripreneurship needs hours to make agriculture a more attractive and profitable venture. The review focuses on entrepreneurial behaviour&nbsp;in the agriculture industry. The study is based on agripreneurial&nbsp;behaviour or related publications, primarily journals and scholarly articles. This paper is simply a review of the existing literature of more than 50 papers found on the entrepreneurial behaviour of farmers, mainly focusing on which attributes various researchers include while defining entrepreneurial behaviour in the agricultural sector often known as Agripreneurial behaviour. The findings of this paper will help us gain a better understanding of agribusiness behaviour and concentrate on agricultural entrepreneurship and how it might expand market opportunities and stimulate economic growth and development, particularly in agro-based economies.</em></p> 2023-01-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/780 A Struggle of the protagonist to define British National Identity Vs Belgian National Identity in Charlotte Bronte's Novel Villette 2023-01-16T03:39:31+00:00 Gayathri Raparthi ijr@ijrjournal.com <p>The Victorian&nbsp; Novel 'Villette' is published by Charlotte Bronte in 1853. This is the fourth novel by Bronte, set initially in England and later the story shifts to Villette a fictional French speaking town of Labessecour in Belgium.&nbsp; This novel is written on Bronte's&nbsp; own experience as a teacher in Brussels.&nbsp; This novel has the characteristic features of both gothic and psychological genre. The protagonist of the novel, Lucy is introduced as poor, destitute, orphan , who has neither family, money&nbsp; nor friends&nbsp; and whose parents have died a mysterious death&nbsp; but educated in gentle class of the society. Lucy narrates the story in third person which shows the detachment and alienation not only form entire world but her own self.</p> 2023-01-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/785 Youth Festivals, Culture, and Brotherhood 2023-01-24T18:00:49+00:00 Ajit Singh ijr@ijrjournal.com Dr. Vikram Kaushik ijr@ijrjournal.com Dr. Amit Sharma ijr@ijrjournal.com <p><em>Youth festivals are promoting art and culture. Students learn competitive nature during the festivals. Youth festival promotes brotherhood, national unity, and mutual respect. The main objective of the study is to know the association between geographical background of respondents and their opinion on culture and leadership qualities promotion. We did content analysis to collect data. We used codebook to categorize the variables. Result indicates that respondents think that the programs organized during the youth festival help the youth to connect with their local culture. Urban and rural respondents agreed that youth festival create awareness among the youth about the various cultures and arts of the country. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>&nbsp;</strong></em></p> 2023-01-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/787 Environmental Governance & Policy in Federal Framework of India 2023-01-27T06:26:17+00:00 Lateef Ah Salmani ijr@ijrjournal.com M. Shafi Bhat ijr@ijrjournal.com <p><em>Over the last six decades, Centre- relations in India have manifested in different forms for different issues, including internal security, agriculture, revenue, land and natural resources. This has been a reflection of the concerns and developments of the nation as a whole as well as states from time to time. Some of the environmental issues, such as those relating to forests, wildlife and water have been a cause of contention between the centre and state, sometimes influenced or aggravated by factors such as coalition politics, asymmetric federalism, a green judiciary, globalization and the aspirations of states.</em></p> <p><em>India’s National Environment Policy, 2006, sets forth the Principle of Decentralization in order to empower public authorities having jurisdiction at the spatial level at which particular environmental issues are salient, to address these issues. Need for a decentralized approach has been recognized and developed since the time the Indian Constitution came into being. This was given a further thrust with the 73rd and 74th amendments. In this paper, an attempt is made to highlight the centralization and decentralization as a dynamic feature of Indian federal set up. It is described as to in which manner and way this has been dealt with by the Indian constitution and federalism. A broad and holistic approach towards environmental federalism, which includes matters related to forests, biodiversity, rivers, other water bodies, pollution control and abatement, climate change etc.</em></p> 2023-01-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/789 Left Movement and Party Politics in Maharashtra 2023-01-29T10:33:55+00:00 Raju Sudam Sanap ijr@ijrjournal.com Prof. Lodhi Kaniz Fatema Niyaz Ahmed ijr@ijrjournal.com <p><em>Left movement in Maharashtra was started by social reformers to create an exploitation free society. This movement has fought to create a Marathi speaking region along with providing justice to the exploited underprivileged community in Maharashtra. After the creation of the united state of Maharashtra, the struggle to give their rights to the farmers, farm laborers, laborers and tribal communities has started. In this regard, efforts are being made to solve the problems of society through elections. Even today this party is doing important work in Nashik Thane district.</em></p> 2023-01-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/792 Safety Celebrations and Events: How Useful in Building Culture? 2023-01-31T04:57:57+00:00 Harbans Lal ijr@ijrjournal.com <p><em>Do safety celebrations really help the companies, contractors or employees while the world focuses on vision zero, zero harm, zero tolerance, and so many new ways and means to exercise ones right to live a safe work life. What parameters we need to have for discerning whether safety celebrations are helpful, in which ways? There are a variety of occasional and periodical celebrations like safety week, national safety day, fire week, national burn awareness week, employees reward events, and so on. But the critical questions are whether do these events strengthen safety culture of the company? What are the cost and man-days that go into these weekly, monthly and annual activities? Professionals insights and literature critically analyse and reveal whether corporate safety celebrations really make sense to strengthen safety culture for achieving zero-harm at sites for employees and associates. </em><em>HSE Professionals, though about 20% denied the positive impact of safety celebrations, nearly 80% revealed positive confirmations with a purpose. </em><em>Daily small and regular HSE events are as relevant as big celebrations to achieve missions vision zero, zero harm, zero tolerance and lessen costs on medical, insurance, property losses, and save human lives. But most corporates focus on periodical safety events rather concentrating on daily safety culture. Basic safety systems must work for celebrations to go on.</em></p> 2023-01-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://ijrjournal.com/index.php/ijr/article/view/793 A Study on the Need for Farm Management Practices in Indian Agriculture 2023-02-06T02:36:20+00:00 Avani Bajireddy ijr@ijrjournal.com <p><em>The importance of good farm management is growing not just in industrialised and commercialised farming but also in emerging and subsistence systems. A farm manager's knowledge of production methods, costs, and profits is essential. Even after 73 years of independence, more than half of India's population still works in agriculture. However, the industry is not contributing more to GDP and is really declining. The study's goal is to find out why farming is losing money and then recommend farm management strategies that can turn a profit. Secondary information was used for the analysis. Farm management's overarching goal is to increase farm profits through efficient business procedures. This is possible if the farmer pays attention to selecting high-quality seed varieties, actively seeks out market-driven crops with desirable selling prices and high yielding cropping patterns, strives to keep input costs as low as possible, actively seeks out means of increasing production and productivity with high-quality short- and long-term financing at reasonable interest rates, and has a firm grasp on effective risk management. The farmer risks losing money or failing to break even if he or she doesn't use current best practises.</em></p> 2023-01-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023