Individualized Consideration and Idealized Influence Practices Adopted by Principals for Teachers’ Job Performance in Secondary Schools in Awka Education Zone
The study determined the individualized consideration and idealized influence practices adopted by principals for teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in Awka Education Zone, Anambra Stat e. Two research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested. The descriptive survey research design was employed for the study. The population of the study comprised 1,772 respondents (61 principals and 1,711teachers) in the 61 state government owned public secondary schools in Awka Education Zone, Anambra State. Stratified proportionate sampling technique was used to draw 562 respondents (49 principals and 51 teachers) as the sample for the study. A researcher-developed questionnaire titled ‘‘Individualized Consideration and Idealized Influence Practices Questionnaire (ICIIPQ)’’ was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts who were lecturers in the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The reliability of the instrument was ascertained using Cronbach Alpha which yielded an overall reliability of 0.73 for the instrument with coefficients for the clusters being 0.72 and 0.74respectively. The researchers together with four research assistants collected data for the study and a 96 percent return rate of the instrument administered was recorded. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed among others that idealized influence practices were adopted by principals for teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in Awka Education Zone, Anambra State. It was also found out that the difference in the mean scores of principals and teachers on the individualized consideration practices adopted by principals for teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in Awka Education Zone, Anambra State was not significant. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that school principals should observe and interact with teachers to identify their unique personality that aid the application of individualized consideration practices in assigning tasks and responsibility to them.