Afforestation: A Mitigation Strategy to Control Climate Change in Nigeria.
Climate change occurs when a situation in which a change in climate continues in one direction at a rapid rate and for an unusual long period of time. Several studies have shown that afforestation in Nigeria could have both positive and negative future impacts on the climate change and extreme events in the country. While afforestation reduces the projected global warming and enhances rainfall over the afforested area (and over coastal zones), it enhances the warming and reduces the rainfall over the north-eastern part of the country. Afforestation has been implemented worldwide to address global environmental problems such as climate change. This review study considers some impacts afforestation have on climate change such as,reduction in soil biodiversity, desertification, temperature changes and the sequestration of carbon .
Considering the positive impacts of afforestation, the study recommends that government of states should enforce the policy on afforestation as a mitigation measure against climate change.